Flower Agate: Meaning & Healing Properties

Last Updated on September 28, 2023

Contents show

Flower agate is a volcanic rock forms in the depths of Mother Earth through metamorphosis. Because of the beautiful formations, it refers to as a flower, even though it is a rock. On the body of the rock, there are illusions of white and pink colored flowers. 

Moreover, the flower agate stone is Chalcedony. In addition, it was discovered recently in 2018 in Madagascar, a region that produces some of the most beautiful stones in the world. Madagascar is the only region where it can be mined. Lastly, the main component of this rock is Chalcedony and quartz. 

Flower Agate Meaning and Symbolism 

Flower Agate Meaning

It’s core meaning has gotten a lot of attention since its discovery. It is thought to emit tremendous energy that can change people’s lives. It’s known as a stone of manifestation and growth process in healing circles. Also, by activating and connecting our heart and root chakras, Flower Agate helps bridge the gap between emotions and reality.

RELATED: 14 Must-Have Magical Crystals For Manifestation


The meaning in legend is that it encourages self growth and restoring emotional balance to moving forward. Flower Agate helps us visualize the growing process, acknowledging and enjoying each step along the way.

RELATED: Personal Growth: 6 Amazing Crystals For Negativity

Birthstone associated with Flower Agate

Flower agate’s birthstone is May, and it provides harmony with the Sacred Feminine Trinity.

Flower Agate Symbolism 

This is a stone that promotes personal growth process. This intriguing diamond is a crystal of realizing our highest potential, self growth, overcoming own fears, and laying the foundation for long-term growth process. It has a Divine feminine and maternal presence.

Flower Agate Zodiac Sign

Astrology, Taurus, Cancer, Capricorn, Virgo, Scorpio, and Pisces are feminine energy signs. It isn’t only one sign of the zodiac. However, there are some indications that the stone has a stronger connection. Crystals can be more evident for female symptoms.

Flower Agate’s highest potential to bring harmony to the Sacred Feminine Trinity may make persons born under these signs feel the closest to the unique stone. Even men born under these signs stand to benefit a lot! While not a feminine and maternal presence symbol, Libras have a strong affinity for it!  

Flower Agate Mystical Powers

Moreover, Flower Agate emits an intimate energy experience of love, emotional recovery, compassion, and restoring emotional balance, and connecting with these healing vibrations will tremendously assist you in calming any unpleasant emotions. Crystals energy directs your attention to the things that truly satisfy you and keep you emotionally and psychologically healthy.

Image by hot-sun from Pixabay

It has a feminine and maternal presence that is comforting and grounding. But at the same time, its appearance is enchanting and almost ethereal. This also promotes our growth and encourages us to reach the highest potential on our path. Also, it connects us to inspiration, establishes inner calm, and fosters empathy. By activating, opening, and healing the Heart and Root Chakras.

Flower Agate and Feng Shui

Meaning of Flower Agate in Feng Shui 

According to the Bible, flower agate nullifies the effect of any poison. This stone was used to cure many diseases in ancient Greece, including contagious diseases. It is proved that, by placing Flower Agate directly on the mouth or hand of the patient, fever can be cured. The unique stone is named after the flower because of its feature. It not only looks like a flower but is also smooth, gentle symbolic and nourishing energy resembling a field of flowers. It is just like a magical crystal containing eye-catching colors. 

Flower Agate Uses in Feng Shui 

It is a special kind of stone widely accepted to bridge the gap between one’s reality and emotions. Hence, to moving forward flower agate helps treat mental imbalances like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder etc. They believes that it is use to activate the heart and root chakras together. Also, flower agate helps cleanse the system of any endemic traumatic pain and deep pain. People having suicidal tendencies are suggested to hold the stone on their palm or it in their body part. Flower Agate inspires us to manifest and nurture our dreams.

Flower Agate Metaphysical Properties 

Image by ❄️♡????♡❄️ Julita ❄️♡????♡❄️ from Pixabay

Places and location  

Besides being beautiful, comfortable and cozy, we need to balance the harmony in our homes. It is also believed that various Feng Shui stone, including crystal, plays an essential role in this matter. Moreover, the gem and place play a significant role in absorbing low vibrational energies.

Flower Agate at Home 

The flower agate stone is a chalcedony healing discovered not long ago in Madagascar. This gem has soft and delicate energy to bring inner peace and boost strength. To create a deeper connection and interact with the crystal gem, it can be placed in the living room, where most of the day is spent.

RELATED: A Guide On The Most Harmonious Crystals For The Home

Flower Agate at Work

The heart charka can be directly activated by mediating for a few minutes. It reduces emotional imbalance. As a result, physical symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, etc., are reduced considerably. The perfect stone energy ignites, which is helpful to live life to the fullest. Its energy ignites a passion for pursuing dreams and live life to the fullest.

In-home Feng Shui

It should be placed in the house that needs positive energy replenishment and gentle healing. The crystal agate’s effect rejuvenates energy best felt during meditation. It also concentrates to moving forward on emotional recovery, restoring emotional balance and spiritual needs. This agate crystal positively affects the mind and body. It should be placed directly over the heart during deep meditation to increase its effect.

People and Relationships 

This unique stone has a lovely, nourishing energy resembling that reminds me of a flower field. It is believed that many of the properties of the flower agate are still undiscovered. These stones play an essential role in reconnecting to their soul deeply. It gives a sense of joy and acceptance that helps to align oneself with the energy of universal love.

Pregnant women and babies.

The nine months of the journey of motherhood are very intense, and thus, the mother has to be very careful during this phase. Flower agate also possesses a protective aura that protects the mother and the child from dangerous energy. In addition, it has a feminine and maternal presence that has a healing capacity for pregnancy and fertility.

RELATED: Change The Future: 11 Crystals For Fertility And Pregnancy (With Pictures)

Romantic relationships.

Flower agate is one of the most effective stones that give a more profound connection for faithful lovers or any relationship over time. It also offers its carriers ’emotional facelifts’. Also, It is use to build and heal emotional health to be physically fit. Lastly, It links with heart charka, it boosts energy levels for exchanging unconditional love.


Pink crystals are also known as rose agate, use as a healing medium. It is also use to enhancing crystals love between adults and kids. Children also prefer this Agate as it is accessible as various gift ideas.

People dealing with trauma and crisis

It has emotional healing properties. Thus, it clears away negative energy from traumatic pain, previous trauma, deep pain, and incidents and replaces it with feelings of self growth process, self love, inspiration, calmness, femininity, and poise. This permits you to recognize and learn from past traumas and traumatic pain.

Flower Agate and Numerology 

The numerology of flower agate is 7.

Flower Agate Shapes and Forms 

Flower agate is mostly pink colored, but other gemstone colors are also available. The shapes vary from stone to stone. Some are round, some are oblong, and some are cylindrical to mostly free-flowing shape. It is often reshapes into pyramid or obelisk shapes. Craftsmen and cravers prefer it because of its availability in many shapes and forms. 


The composition makes a flower agate cluster of tiny white Agate with natural crystals.


Gemstones plate or slab is made from natural flower agate. The flower agate plate is a gemstone with pockets of inclusions that look like flowers. The agate plate is usually cut into a thick round shape slab.


Flower agate geodes are ample drusy, gorgeous and pretty pink and purple hues. It is identical for its physical properties.


The incorporation of opaque Chalcedony healing makes a unique pattern in the crystal. These are mostly prefers beautification and energy generation. In addition, this gemstone is carved shaped, making agate points natural energy cleansers. It’s a plume agate variety (agate with plume-like inclusions). Flower Agate plumes are more 3-dimensional than those found in other forms of plume agates, and their cross-sections create a gorgeous flower like plumes. As found in other types of plume agate Instead of 2 dimensions, flower agate plumes are 3- dimensional. 


Flower agate sphere gemstone is quite different from another type of Agate because its unique floral plumes represent that swirl inside the perfect stone just like glitters inside a snow globe.

Flower Agate and Chakras

The heart and base chakras have the most vital relationship. It has an extraordinary potential to make you feel more grounded in the root chakra. The crystal can open the floodgates of the heart chakra, allowing you to feel a wave of love. It not only makes room for you to love others, but it also gives you the ability to love yourself. This is due to the strong connection it establishes between the heart and ground chakras. 

Flower Agate as an Engagement Ring

Flower agate is more Grounded and Secure as an engagement ring. 

Reason for choosing 

Flower Agate helps you manifest and nurture your dreams. Flower Agate inspires us to achieve our goals and live life to the utmost. It’s the ideal crystal for business owners who want to expand and flourish, as well as people who are starting something new in their live life.


Any crystals use for energy work should be cleanses regularly. To energize and rejuvenate, placing Flower Agate directly in full moon moonlight. It can be smudge with sage smoke or incense, but my preferred method is to set it on a selenite charging plate or near selenite overnight. Please keep it away from water and direct sunshine, as it will fade over time.

Flower Agate Meaning when worn according to western astrology

It teaches the wearer to see dimly lit areas as an opportunity to focus on the positive aspects of the live life. Flower agate helps you overcome some of life’s most challenging obstacles and re-learn how to live entirely again. 

Those who are trying their hardest to reach their goal and achieve success desperately and want to concentrate on their aim can use it. During deep meditation, placing Flower Agate directly right over your heart, and if you’re willing, add boosting crystals (Selenite, Quartz) to ramp up the effects.

These crystals are powerful stones that relieve tension and anxiety while bringing peace and harmony to your life. It is commonly use for enhancing crystals spontaneity and joy because of its strong connection to the Heart chakra. Flower Agate inspires people to wear the ring. It’s something you can wear every day to bring positivity to your life.

Metaphysical Table 

Metaphysical Properties 
MeaningGrounded and Secure
Feng ShuiBalance harmony
ZodiacAquarius, Taurus, Gemini
SymbolismEnvision the growth process, honoring and appreciating each part of the process.
BirthstoneMay- Provide harmony with the Sacred Feminine Trinity.
ChakraHeart & Root Chakra


Raw$600 per kg 

Where to Buy 

An excellent place to find flower agate is Amazon & Etsy. Both are very reliable sources to find your desired crystal. It’s the ideal stone for entrepreneurs hoping to grow and flourish, as well as people who are starting something new endeavor in their life.

Healing Properties and Benefits 

Physical Healing Properties

It is considered to be the stone of personal growth. It also has gentle, nourishing energy resembling a field of flowers. In healing circles, it’s a crystal of growth and manifestation. The beautiful gem is a crystal of manifesting our potential, growth, fighting own fears, and laying the foundation for meaningful growth.

Image by Dede from Pixabay

Additionally, the rock absorbs the divine feminine and maternal energy that disciplines our souls. It can also benefit people who have stomach issues and digestion problems. Flower agate helps strengthen blood vessels and solve your sleep problems. Your physical health will deteriorate as you endure more stress and anxiety in your life.

RELATED: Flower Agate: Meaning & Healing Properties

Spiritual Healing Properties

It activates, opens, and heals the heart and Root Chakras. It also assists in manifesting and nurturing pursue dreams. This gem opens us to inspiration, establishes inner peace, and encourages empathy. Flower agate helps us reach our highest potential, protecting us from own fears and self doubt. It also motivates us to manifest and pursue dreams.

Feelings and Emotional Healing Properties

Flower Agate emits high vibrational healing powers that protect our souls. Flower Agate inspires us to pursue dreams and believe in our promising potentials and growth. Emotionally, it can be beneficial in boosting your self growth and self confidence and moving forward in life with grace and confidence.

When all your seven chakras are clean and working in harmony, you can enjoy a healthy and blissful life. It is a stone that encourages emotional body and spiritual growth. It aids in the healing of past traumas that are preventing you from achieving your current objectives. However, the stone’s impact on your feelings and emotions can also positively affect your body.

Use for protection

Flower Agate can be use in a ring or a bracelet for protection. It tackles the dark or negative energy which can push one to the brink of depression. This gem just doesn’t work on our chakra but also softens and alleviates the heart and connects us to the energy of unconditional love.

RELATED: Phenomenal Crystals For Protection That You Need In Your Life

Color energy 

Flower Agate is usually found in pink color, but it has been found in other colors. The color energy of this fascinating gemstone is predominantly light pink. The pink energy of this gem stimulates the heart chakra, which encourages love, beauty, and compassion in our live life. Moonstone’s relaxing properties, combined with Flower Agate’s tremendous energy, will strengthen your intuition and urge you to let go of what no longer serves you.

The proper method of using crystals 

This gem can provide us with the ideal environment for restoring emotional balance, emotional body, and moving forward in life with grace and confidence. To teach it in your life, you can use it with different crystals. Try placing Flower Agate directly on the altar of your workspace, which will allow its healing energy to radiate in your comfort spaces. Flower agate helps one fill the gap between emotions and reality by activating and connecting our heart and root chakras.

Best Crystal to Combine 

How to Combine Flower Agate by Color?

Flower Agate comes in every eye catching colors of the rainbow, and each version of this gem brings its unique capability and powers to the table. There are different types of Agate based on color. Blue Lace Agate, Moss Agate, Fire Agate, Black Agate, White Agate, Brown Agate, Tree Agate, Dragon Vein Agate, Yellow Agate, and many more.

How to Combine Flower Agate by Crystal Structure?

This crystals structure can play an influential role in determining the combination of crystals. For example, the structures of Flower Gate can be cubic crystal system, hexagonal crystal system, or trigonal crystal system. The combination can be Fluorite, Diamond, Pyrite, Gold, Garnet, Magnetite for cubic design. The combination can be Beryl, Emerald, Apatite, Aquamarine, Morganite, and Sugilite for the hexagonal system. And for the trigonal crystal system, the combination can be Quartz, Agate, Aventurine, Jasper, Hematite, Carnelian, Tourmalines, Calcite. 

Enhancing crystals Meditation Practice 

Why Meditate with Flower Agate?

Flower Agate can be used to meditate. It will allow you to feel the healing energy of the gem as you come into the awareness of how precious you are. Meditating with crystal will remind you of being at peace with yourself. Large crystal prisms, little tumbled stones for meditation, and even raw slabs are all available.

Types of Meditations You can Do with Crystal

Polished crystals can be use for deep meditation. Deep meditation can help one direct the energy flow of the crystal to the appropriate chakras. In addition, many women prefer to use it to reintegrate feminine energy divine trinity through strategic placement of the gem. For example, one can place one stone on the heart, one stone on the womb, and one on the third-rye chakra, and these positions represent the maiden, the mother, and the crone, respectively.

Cleansing method & techniques 

Flower agate stone is as hard and heavy as Clear Quartz. To clean the gemstone, moon water, other crystals, or sage can be used.

Importance of cleansing 

It needs to be cleaned and charged to keep it bright and buzz with energy. Even though it is a hard gemstone, it can still be damaged or scratched with harder substances, so it should be cleaned regularly to keep it strong and charged with high vibrations.

How often cleanse 

Flower agate used for energy generation needs to be cleaned regularly like all other crystals. Cleaning it at regular intervals will make it charged and refresh its energies.

When to cleanse your crystals

Most gemstone lovers suggest that the flower agate crystal should be cleanses overnight as it gets charges with moonlight and its energies are blooms.

What is the best method for clearing Flower Agate?

Flower agate can be cleanses via soaking the Agate in a bowl of fresh and clean water, preferably for a few hours on an agate score of 6.5-7 of the Moh’s hardness scale. Besides, sage and moonlight can also cleanse stone more effectively. 

Which mistakes we need to avoid during Cleaning

  • Avoid using harsh chemicals or ultra-sonic chemicals while cleaning this crystal. Instead, mild soapy water should be used to clean.
  • Water and exposure to direct should not be used to clean crystal as it may fade away the natural color and beauty of the gem.
  • It is sensitive to sudden temperature changes. This should be kept in mind while cleaning it.

Diseases and Healing with Flower Agate

How does it work for disease? 

Flower Agate helps one realize that our body is an excellent medium to transport to pursue dreams. It possesses the qualities to heal our soul and body and also allows us to overcome diseases and death anxieties. In addition, flower Agates helps battle diseases in plants and resist pests.

Flower Agate Physical Properties

Physical Properties
Names UsedSakura Agate, Cherry Blossom Agate
Is it Mineral?Yes, semiprecious silica mineral
ColorWhite, Pink
StreakSubtle hues of cream of dark brown imbue the interior; it plumes of saturated white.
Diaphaneity (Transparency)Translucent
Density (Weight)2.6
Diagnostic PropertiesNone
Chemical CompositionSilicon dioxide, Iron oxide
Chemical ClassificationSilicate Mineral
Crystal StructureTrigonal
OccurrenceIt has only been seen crystallized in mass form.
Hardness (Mohs Hardness) 7


Agate with opaque Chalcedony plume like inclusions that resemble small floral plumes represents Flower Agate. This material was discovered recently in Madagascar and crystallized in masses. 

It is particularly popular among carvers and artisans, not only because of its vibrant colors but also because of its chemical resistance. The crystal lovers can find it in various shapes, including palm stones, pyramids, obelisks, free forms, and even tumbling.

Who first discovered it?

Flower Agate is a new crystal discovered in Madagascar in 2018, a country known for producing some of the world’s most stunning crystals.

Where does it originate?

This material was discovered in Madagascar in 2018 and has only been observed crystallized in masses.

Is there poison in Flower Agate?

These materials are safe: jade, granite, slate, and petrified wood. They don’t flake, don’t contain exposed ores, aren’t metallic, don’t dissolve in water, and aren’t hazardous unless consumed. Cryptocrystalline crystals are also very safe. Plume Agates, jaspers, and other related crystals fall under this category.

What country is known for Flower Agate?

This kind is one of the most popular, with regular color layers and brown colors. Although these crystals can be found worldwide, Brazil is one of the most prolific producers. 

How would you know if Flower Agate is a mineral?

Flower agate is a volcanic rock created naturally through metamorphosis in the depth of the earth. It is an agate with opaque Chalcedony that has only been seen in crystallized masses. It belongs to the group of silicate minerals.

It is a translucent variety of microcrystalline quartz. It is neither sedimentary nor igneous. Instead, it is the process that makes it minerals. Volcanic and metamorphic rocks primarily form crystals. It consists of two or more elements combined in a specific ratio. 


Several shades flower agate shades, mostly soft pink to cream with saturated color bursts. Rocks of all colors resemble small flowers, giving it its distinctive name by its colors. The agate crystal can also be white, pink, orange, blue, milky or opaque quartz. 

How many colors are there?

The natural color is pale pink with white floral plumes inclusion. However, it can be of a large variety of shades like brown, red, lilac, pink, yellow, black, grey and white. 

most common color 

The gemstone is crystalized and usually found in a light pink color with tiny white floral plumes.

Color Treatments and Enhancements

Most of the time, crystals are dyed and colored to enhancing crystals the beauty of the natural colors. However, when the agate crystal is dyed, extra care must be taken while cleaning it. Mild soapy water should be used to clean it, and harsh chemicals and ultrasonic cleaners should be avoided.

Role of streak 

This is a magical crystal for crystal lovers that has captivating eye colors. This crystal is a mostly soft pink with a white streak. The striped patterns of the rock represent blossom. The entire crystal replicates the life cycle from germination to get fully grown. It is also a symbolic representation of how every creature, including humans, grows from an embryo to a full-grown animal.


Flower Agate has Vitreous Luster.

Are Flower Agate transparent and opaque?  

Moreover, flower agate palm stone has a deep and carnelian color with plumed flowers. The opacity of the opaque white Chalcedony of the flower makes the floral plumes. It also represents more focus from slightly choppy sea surface with murky green water.

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

Is Flower Agate transparent or translucent? 

Moreover, It is to be mentioned that the transparency of most agate crystals differs from nearly transparent to opaque. Also, Most of the stones are translucent to a certain extent. In addition, Flashlight to backlight can be used to spot any translucent edges. Many crystals like Jasper and flint look like agates but aren’t because they are opaque, not translucent. Finally, Opaque crystals are primarily transparent in thin slabs.


How much cleavage does a Flower Agate have?

Usually, it shows no cleavage. However, parting may occur along with the layers. As a result, the splintery fracture can develop parallel to microfibrous orientation.

Cleavage Habit 

One direction of the cleavage is called basal cleavage. Minerals displaying this cleavage will break off in thin, flat sheets. Two rules of cleavage are known as colorful. The three directions of cleavage at 90° are termed cubic.

How many directions or planes are in the cleavage?

Let’s consider a surface as a cleavage plane. There will be another smooth flat surface parallel to the first surface placed right on the opposite side of the Mineral. Two parallel smooth flat surfaces make one cleavage plane. Similarly, three cleavage planes can be counted in a Mineral cubed shape.

How hard is Flower Agate on the Mohs scale?

Is Flower Agate stronger than a diamond? 

Flower Agate is a variety of cryptocrystalline forms of quartz. On 10 points of the scale of mineral hardness to softness, Quartz, Agate, Amethyst, Citrine ranks 7th on the Mohs scale, where diamond ranks 10th Mohs scale. Therefore, diamond is considered the hardest Mineral.

It ranks 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale of hardness. It cannot be scratched easily, and the materials have more hardness than flower agate can cause damage to the Agate. It can be fragile and can break if dropped. Agate, Quartz, Amethyst and Citrine rank seven on the same scale. Crystals are as hard as glass. It is a hard Mineral.

The color must be observed very thoroughly to detect if it is real or fake. Fake crystals are often vibrant or neon. Fake crystals can be scratches with a knife or glass as well. The fake stone looks dull, is soft and doesn’t give a fine polish and Natural flower agates are translucent.

Density (Weight) 

Usually, crystals are of the size of a golf ball and feel heavier than it is due to their density. It is usually weighs between weighing between 175 and 230g.

Diagnostic Properties 

Characteristics can be helpful in the diagnosis of Flower Agate 

It is a popular gemstone due to its characteristics brand that varies from other stones. Some of the traits that can be taken into consideration to determine if the stone is a flower agate or not are jotted below:

  • It  is characterized by opaque Chalcedony with inclusions that resemble tiny floral plumes formation
  • The gemstone’s color is light pink with white Chalcedony gorgeous flower like plumes.
  • The specific gravity of the rock is 2.6 grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3)
  • Gemstone feels waxy or glassy texture on the inside. 

Chemical Composition

Chemical Composition
ElementsSilicon dioxide, calcium, iron, manganese
ChemicalsSiO2 + Al, Ca, Fe, Mn
Compound or elementchemical compound
ChemistryIt is formed from the gases trapped within the liquid volcanic material forming vesicles.

Chemical Classification  

Chemical classification
ClassificationSilicate Mineral
Classified as in chemistrySiO2 (silicon dioxide)

Crystal (System) Structure 

Crystal structure
StructureHexagonal, cryptocrystalline

Flower Agate Uses

When to use?

Importantly, Flower Agate can also be use for completing wellbeing. It can also get over traumatic pain, emotional traumas, deep pain as well as emotional recovery or mental imbalance. It is also use for healing purposes. It brings in a lot of positivity in you and will also restore the zest in one’s life.

Who uses Flower Agate?

Artisans and carvers commonly use the flower, Agate. They use this gemstone for its chemical durability, as well as its eye-catching colors.

What is Flower Agate good for?

Moreover, Flower Agate is good to encourage self growth, comforting and grounding, restoring emotional balance, reducing stress and anxiety, emotional recovery, connecting to the sacred feminine energy, etc.


These are very old and take almost 50years or more to form. It also includes in the depths of Mother Earth through the process of metamorphosis.

Flower Agate Hardness (Mohs Hardness)  

Is it stronger than a diamond?No
Does it scratch easily?No
Is it fragile?No
Is it harder than glass?No
Is it a hard mineral?Yes 
How to detect fake Flower Agate?By scratching with knife or glass
How to perform the Mohs Scratch test?By using a simple scratch test

What Makes Flower Agate Valuable

What type of Flower Agate is most valuable? 

Furthermore, the value of Agate is, on average, reasonably low. However, large crystals and those with exceptionally unique, delicate, or landscape-like color patterns are in high demand. It would be significantly more expensive to have custom-cut pieces or stones from collectible regions.

Flower Agate Varieties 

Most common Flower Agate 

Fire, Lace, Iris, Shell, Banded, Scenic/Picture, Petrified Wood, Plume, Moss, and Dendritic

Most rearrest Flower Agate. 

In addition, Plenitude Stone is the rarest type of flower agate. It is not flower agate but a tree agate. It is also one of the most valuable forms of Agate.


To conclude, after knowing all the physical and healing properties and benefits must be included in one’s life. Flower agate can also be purchase by or gift to anyone looking for complete wellbeing. It is also a precious stone from the healing fraternity that restores the zest in life. In addition, this unique stone has a gentle and nourishing energy resembling a flower garden.  Lastly, the ideal stone for entrepreneurs hoping to grow and thrive their businesses, and also for those embarking on a new endeavor.


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *